Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412939584 | Print ISBN: 9780761930877 | Online ISBN: 9781412939584| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Supreme Court, United States, Key Cases in Education Law
Charles J. Russo
The key U.S. Supreme Court cases are classified by area, highlighting the role that the Court has played in shaping American education and policy. Overall, the Court has left few aspects of public education untouched. Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas (Brown I) (1954) not only addressed race but also opened the door for developments in civil rights and equal educational opportunities culminating for all. In Brown I , the Court ruled that de jure segregation in public schools on the basis of race deprived minority children of equal educational opportunities in violation of the Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment. A year later, in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas (Brown II) (1955), the Court began dismantling segregated school systems as part of a 50-year battle and more than 30 cases in this important area. On the related matter of ethnicity, in Plyler v. ...