Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412939584 | Print ISBN: 9780761930877 | Online ISBN: 9781412939584| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Carol A. Mullen
Terrorist attacks and impact on schools has necessitated a new role for leaders at local and district, as well as at university and policy-making, levels. Terrorism means the use of terror to repress or domineer by means of panic and fear, and bioterrorism is the intentional use of infectious biological agents, or germs, to cause illness. While learning how to deal with terrorism has become central to U.S. foreign policy, transference has only just begun for educational institutions. Principals and superintendents have been called upon to guide action for preventing catastrophe and simultaneously promote the health of school populations. Governmental agencies claim that schools increasingly constitute soft targets for attracting terrorist attacks, mainly because they draw overwhelming media attention and house society's most innocent citizens. Schools as national icons may be in preeminent danger, not unlike renowned buildings, as demonstrated by the terrorist attacks on America on September 11, The ...