Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412939584 | Print ISBN: 9780761930877 | Online ISBN: 9781412939584| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Tyler, Ralph Winifred
Ralph Winifred Tyler (1902–1994) made significant contributions in the areas of curriculum design, testing, and evaluation. Some consider him “the father of behavioral objectives.” Tyler was among the first to advocate student testing, not to produce a normal curve distribution, but to provide information for improvement of curriculum and determine if students had reached the aims intended. His book, Basic Principles of Curriculum and Instruction , written in 1949, has been in continuous print and has been translated into many languages. This document is a syllabus for a curriculum class that Tyler taught during his time at the University of Chicago. Within the document are four questions that may have influenced curriculum development, perhaps more than any other document. The ...