Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412939584 | Print ISBN: 9780761930877 | Online ISBN: 9781412939584| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Angela M. Hull
Thomas Carlyle (1795–1881) was a Scottish writer and historian who critiqued modern democracy and industrialization. Raised in the Calvinist tradition, Carlyle eventually rejected the Christian faith but nevertheless focused his work on the spiritual and human natures and their value over the economic and practical forces emerging in Victorian London. Carlyle's colleagues included John Stuart Mill, Charles Dickens, Friedrich Engels, Alfred Lord Tennyson, and others. His views were at first supported by contemporary thinkers, including Ralph Waldo Emerson, who was influenced by Carlyle's first significant work, Sartor Resartus , a discussion of religious conversion. As his thinking developed, however, he eventually alienated some thinkers of his day by ...