Pub. date: 2006 | Online Pub. Date: September 15, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412939584 | Print ISBN: 9780761930877 | Online ISBN: 9781412939584| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Charisma, of Leaders
Max S. Skidmore
Knowledge of the nature and functions of charisma as a leadership process has increased within the last decade to the point that a simple description is most difficult. On a basic level, charisma may be defined as an interactive process through which a leader influences members of a group to adopt the vision and direction of that leader, but charisma is more than a process. Only a small percentage of leaders possess charisma, and those who are able to change an organization using those skills are successful only under certain conditions. A leader with charisma usually has the ability to articulate a clear and demanding vision, to attract and inspire followers, to build trust, and to act in unconventional ways to demonstrate confidence in their vision for the group. Negatively, they may also exhibit a strong dominating personality that controls the group and inhibits ...