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Education Policy: Globalization, Citizenship and
Democracy

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Education Policy: Globalization, Citizenship and Democracy

Mark Olssen & John Codd & Anne-Marie O'Neill

Pub. date: 2004 | Online Pub. Date: May 31, 2012 | DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781446221501 | Print ISBN: 9780761974703 | Online ISBN: 9781446221501 | Publisher:SAGE Publications Ltd

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Chapter 2: The Post-Structuralism of Foucault

The post-structuralism of foucault During the 1980s, educational policy sociology became much more directly concerned with the nature of policy discourse. This was due, in large part, to influences from the writings of the French post-structuralist, Michel Foucault. In this chapter, we attempt to unravel the key strands in Foucault's thought and to situate his work within the broad tradition of European critical social theory. We begin with his critique of Marxism which leads into his unique conceptions of knowledge and power. We then consider his views on the liberal state and the microprocesses of power that he sees as constituting forms of governmentality. We show how Foucault's thought engages with the central elements of liberal reason and, finally, we differentiate his form of post-structuralism from that of Derrida and the postmodernists. Thus we lay out the foundations for the Foucauldian approach that informs this study. Foucault's work was directed ...

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