Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 21, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963848 | Print ISBN: 9781412916882 | Online ISBN: 9781412963848 | Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), which is a supersession of the Education of All Handicapped Children Act of 1975 (Public Law [P.L.] 94–142), requires states and their school districts to provide individuals with disabilities a free and appropriate education. This law dictates how states and school districts provide special education and related services to more than 6 million children with disabilities. This entry details the major components of IDEA, a history of IDEA, and a description of key provisions of this legislation. The IDEA comprises four parts: A, B, C, and D. Part A of IDEA, General Provisions, details the purpose of the law. Part B, Assistance for Education for All Children with Disabilities, lays out the requirements for a free and public education in addition to providing federal money to states through IDEA's formula grants. Part C, Infants and Toddlers with Disabilities, requires states to provide services ...