Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 21, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963848 | Print ISBN: 9781412916882 | Online ISBN: 9781412963848| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
School resources are inputs into the education process, such as staff, buildings, and materials. This entry examines the definition of resources, their allocation and use in schools, and the relationship between resource use and outcomes. Real resources are the human and physical inputs used in education; monetary resources are the finances used to purchase real resources. A common indicator of national effort in providing education is the proportion of gross domestic product (GDP) spent on schools. In 2002, on average, Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries spent3.8% of GDP on primary, secondary, and postsecondary nontertiary institutions. This ranged from a maximum of5.7% in Iceland to 2.6% in Turkey. There is a tendency for poorer OECD countries to spend a smaller percentage of GDP on schools than richer countries. The average for 19 OECD partner countries (18 middle-income developing countries plus Russia) was very similar in 2002 at 3.9%, ...