Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 21, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963848 | Print ISBN: 9781412916882 | Online ISBN: 9781412963848| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Early Intervention Programs
The term early intervention (EI) programs refers to a mosaic of services and programs created for young children and their families to meet educational, social, and health needs and promote enhanced learning, social, and communication outcomes. EI programs are provided before a child starts school, sometimes beginning before birth and continuing to school age. A goal of EI programs is to reduce gaps in child development that are due to one or more of the following: poverty or welfare status, family violence, child abuse, lack of family housing or ability to parent, poor health, single parenthood, teen parenthood, low maternal education, lack of proficiency in the English language, disabilities, developmental delays, poor language or emergent literacy, and the presence of a variety of at-risk conditions. EI programs incorporate a range of approaches, including child-focused interventions, dyadic interventions between an infant and parent, and family interventions that include siblings, parents, Over ...