Pub. date: 2010 | Online Pub. Date: February 22, 2010 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412957403 | Print ISBN: 9781412956642 | Online ISBN: 9781412957403| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Feminism encompasses those political movements that have attempted to critique and transform power structures defined by gender power in which men have traditionally held more power and women have held less power in the fundamental structures of society. In education, feminism can be seen as an ideology that moves women's experiences from the margins of educational discourse to its center by focusing on sexual oppression and sex discrimination. Feminism is enacted through a variety of perspectives, including those embedded in law, the labor market, religion, commerce, the arts, media, education, philosophy, and ecology. Feminist movements have occurred throughout human history and across the globe. In the United States, three waves of feminism are generally recognized by historians: (1) the move between 1848 and 1920 to achieve women's suffrage, (2) the cultural and political resistance to discriminatory policies in the 1960s and 1970s, and (3) the postcolonial and poststructural wave in ...