Pub. date: 2010 | Online Pub. Date: February 22, 2010 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412957403 | Print ISBN: 9781412956642 | Online ISBN: 9781412957403| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Ball, William B. (1916–1999)
William Bentley Ball was an American attorney, author, and expert on constitutional questions affecting religious liberty. Ball appeared before the U.S. Supreme Court in more than 20 cases involving the free exercise of religious belief and practice. Several of these cases are landmarks in the development of case law and policy on church–state relations. In Lemon v. Kurtzman (1971), the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that state laws in Pennsylvania and Rhode Island violated the First Amendment's Establishment Clause by making state aid available to religious schools. In Wisconsin v. Yoder (1972), the Court held that the Free Exercise Clause of the First Amendment exempted Amish parents from obeying state compulsory attendance laws on religious grounds. In Bob Jones University v. U.S . (1983), the Court held that racial discrimination in a religious institution violated public policy. In Zobrest v. Catalina Foothills School District (1993), the Court ruled that the Freedom ...