Pub. date: 2010 | Online Pub. Date: February 22, 2010 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412957403 | Print ISBN: 9781412956642 | Online ISBN: 9781412957403| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Bonnie M. Beyer
Compensatory education refers to supplementary educational programs that have been designed and developed to meet specialized academic needs of students in a variety of education subjects and settings. These programs provide supportive and individualized instruction developed to meet individual student needs by compensating for differences in readiness levels of students entering schools and student academic achievement while in school. Compensatory education programs have been developed to address cognitive disparities among children and youth; to provide educational opportunities for students with disabilities; to address academic underachievement of students as a result of family, social, and economic circumstances; and to give all students an equal educational opportunity to meet their full academic potential. Compensatory education programs are the result of educational research studies, legislation, expressed concerns of social and parental special interest groups, and local education agencies striving to provide the best educational opportunities for the students they serve. Compensatory education programs ...