Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: November 27, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412953948 | Print ISBN: 9781412928168 | Online ISBN: 9781412953948 | Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Oscar J. Mujica
Eco-epidemiology is an emergent area in the evolution of modern epidemiology, rooted in a new public health scientific paradigm that postulates an integrated approach to investigating disease and its prevention by subsuming levels of causation, life course trajectories, kinds of causes, and types of diseases. By incorporating this way of thinking about causes at multiple levels of organization and within the historical context of both societies and individuals, eco-epidemiology advances the adoption of a unified framework to the different domains of the discipline, emphasizing the ties that bind epidemiology to public health and implying a major shift in what qualifies as rational public health practice. The emergent era of eco-epidemiology arises from the escalating recognition of constraints and prevailing criticisms of the current era of chronic disease epidemiology, with its dominant risk-factor paradigm. It also emerges from the growing strength of molecular epidemiology on the one side and of social ...