Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: November 27, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412953948 | Print ISBN: 9781412928168 | Online ISBN: 9781412953948| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Targeting and Tailoring
Matthew W. Kreuter & Nancy L. Weaver
Information and communication are important and powerful tools for helping enhance population health. Generally speaking, health information that is carefully designed for a specific group or individual is more effective in capturing attention and motivating changes in health-related attitudes and behaviors than information designed for a generalized audience or with no particular audience in mind. The two most common types of health information customized for specific audiences are targeted and tailored communication. Both targeted and tailored health communication are audience-centered approaches driven by a careful analysis of intended recipients. Both approaches use what is learned from this analysis to customize health messages, sources of information, and channels of information delivery to maximize the reach and effectiveness of a health communication to a particular audience. In targeted communication, the unit of audience analysis and customization is a particular group , while in tailored communication the unit of audience analysis and customization ...