Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: November 27, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412953948 | Print ISBN: 9781412928168 | Online ISBN: 9781412953948| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Injuries from motor vehicle crashes represent a significant public health issue throughout the world. Recent figures compiled by the World Health Organization estimate that 1.2 million people are killed in road traffic crashes each year. Presently, injuries from road traffic crashes rank as the 11th leading cause of death worldwide. This figure is expected to rise exponentially, by up to 83%, over the next two decades as more vehicles are bought and used in the developing world, with major increases forecast for India and China. The epidemiology of injuries from motor vehicle crashes were eloquently framed by William Haddon more than 50 years ago in the context of the Haddon Matrix. The Haddon Matrix is a model for understanding the dynamics of events related to crash injury. It is drawn by outlining the issues that lead to, occur during, and follow a crash. Important issues that describe injuries in these ...