Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: November 27, 2007 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412953948 | Print ISBN: 9781412928168 | Online ISBN: 9781412953948| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Women'S Health Issues
Lynne C. Messer
Women constitute 51% of the U.S. and 50% of the world's population. The familiar paradox of women's health, that women live longer than men but have poorer health throughout their lives, continues to be true. In most developed countries, women live about 6.5 years longer than men, on average. Women's mortality advantage has been reduced somewhat in recent years, reflecting decreased heart disease and cancer death rates among men, but not women. Women's morbidity and mortality are influenced by a variety of conditions that preferentially affect them, as noted below. Women's health is a broad topic that has gained recognition as a discipline. Multiple definitions have been proposed with more recent definitions focusing on the variety of factors that influence a woman's health during her life span. For example, the National Academy on Women's Health Medical Education defines women's health as devoted to facilitating the preservation of wellness and prevention ...