Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963879 | Print ISBN: 9781412926942 | Online ISBN: 9781412963879| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Héctor L. Delgado
The Chicano Movement refers to a set of events, organizations, and individuals in the late 1960s and early 1970s, principally in the Southwest, that loosely coalesced to form a movement in which Chicanas and Chicanos challenged the Anglo power structure and reclaimed their cultural heritage. A core concept of the movement, Chicanismo, was an expression of ethnic pride in and knowledge of one's culture and history. This entry examines the movement's history and its achievements. While there is substantial agreement by Chicano Studies scholars on the organizations, issues, and events that defined the movement, there are some disagreements. Some scholars, for example, aver that the movement was set in motion by the United Farm Workers (UFW) movement in California during the 1960s. Others, however, while acknowledging the influence of César Chávez and the farmworkers' movement on Chicano Movement activists, argue that César Chávez never became an integral part of the ...