Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963879 | Print ISBN: 9781412926942 | Online ISBN: 9781412963879| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Andrew G. Kourvetaris
Ethnonational minorities are politicized groups within a society, where membership in a particular ethnic group(s) forms the basis for their members' mobilization in making collective claims on members of other groups that include a nation's political decision makers. All nations have populations of ethnic minorities—because groups of people from different cultural backgrounds, at different concentration levels, and at different historical periods have migrated the world over and been labeled ethnic by the host societies—but not all ethnic minorities are ethnonational minorities. Ethnonational minorities are present in society when and where claims made by ethnic minority groups become considered and, in many instances, incorporated in how a nation is governed. Three key points are important for understanding ethnonational minorities and governance: (1) social geography, (2) claim-making, and (3) social rights practice. Social geography refers to the intersection of population size and geographic place, the implication being that the larger the population ...