Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963879 | Print ISBN: 9781412926942 | Online ISBN: 9781412963879| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Judith Ann Perez
Latina feminism was born out of a civil rights initiative that addressed structural inequalities and is a modified Latino version of the women's liberation movement. The pioneer women's movement failed Latinas because it did not address the many differences, compared with White middle-class women, that inform a panethnic Latina consciousness. Since the 1960s and 1970s, the feminist movement has infrequently recognized internal differences among women of color, including Latinas. Because Latinas can be of any race, it is no easy task to achieve an inclusive panethnic Latina consciousness that can thrive within a general feminist dialectic. Barriers that threaten a distinct Latina feminism include their exclusion from Eurocentric feminist frameworks and the pervasiveness of “Marianismo” in dominant Latino culture. These barriers were overcome through the emergence of a Chicano feminist consciousness, pan-Latina/o coalition building, and the conceptualization of a panethnic Latina feminism movement that includes the experiences of both Latinas ...