Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963879 | Print ISBN: 9781412926942 | Online ISBN: 9781412963879| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Stephen Francis Jones
The first Georgians arrived in the United States during the 1890s to join Buffalo Bill Cody and his Wild West Congress of Rough Riders of the World. However, the four primary waves of immigration from Georgia occurred (a) after Georgia lost its independence in 1921 following a Red Army invasion, (b) after World War II when many captured Georgians serving in the Soviet Army refused to return to the Soviet Union, (c) during the 1980s when Georgian Jews were permitted to leave the Soviet Union, and finally (d) during the 1990s after Georgia regained its independence once more. Although the total population of the Georgian American community is relatively small, some members have made important contributions to U.S. business and culture. This entry describes their country of origin, their immigration history, and the current community. The people known as Georgians call themselves kartvelebi and call their country Sakartvelo. The Georgia ...