Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963879 | Print ISBN: 9781412926942 | Online ISBN: 9781412963879| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Hong Kong is located on the south China coast near the Pearl River Delta, a region of China with a long history of foreign trade. Hong Kong was a British colony from 1842 until 1997 and is now a special administrative region (HKSAR) of the People's Republic of China (PRC) with an estimated 2007 population of 6.9 million people. The legal framework of the HKSAR grants Hong Kong a degree of independence from the legislation of the PRC as the “one country, two systems” formula implies. Given its colonial and trading history, Hong Kong has long been a place of exchange between people of various races and ethnicities. This entry examines the history of Hong Kong from the perspective of issues related to the situation of various racial/ethnic groups over time. Disagreement over the exchange of silver and opium between China and Britain led to the First Opium War in ...