Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963879 | Print ISBN: 9781412926942 | Online ISBN: 9781412963879| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Armenians have immigrated to the United States in two primary waves with different political and economic circumstances. Approximately 100,000 were already living in the United States by 1924, when most immigration was shut off, and a much larger flood, including survivors of the 1915 genocide, have arrived since immigration laws were liberalized in 1965. Today, the Armenian American community described in this entry embraces approximately 700,000 persons, compared to an estimated 2007 population of 3 million people in Armenia. The historic Armenian homeland straddles the eastern portion of present-day Turkey, the western portion of the former Soviet Union south of the Transcaucasian Mountains (including where the present-day Armenian republic lies), and the northwestern portion of present-day Iran. Over the centuries, this location put Armenians at a major crossroads of trade, cultural exchange, and war between the world's East and West, and Armenia alternated between states of independence and subjugation by ...