Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963879 | Print ISBN: 9781412926942 | Online ISBN: 9781412963879| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
J. Q. Adams
Carl Grant and Gloria Ladson-Billings, in the Dictionary of Multicultural Education, define multicultural education as a philosophical concept and educational process. They explicitly connect it to the ideas spelled out in the U.S. Constitution and Declaration of Independence and indicate that like the United States itself, multicultural education is based on principles of freedom, justice, equality, equity, and human dignity. A social movement created in response to the dominance of Eurocentric and patriarchal power and ideas in the United States and to the influence this dominance has had on the beliefs, values, attitudes, and public ethos of generations, multicultural education has evolved to become a primary deterrent to hegemony, sexism, homophobia, and other “isms” in our society. Multicultural education arose as the historical legacy of the movement that led to the 1954 Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka verdict. This case helped make public the inequities and inequality Energized ...