Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963879 | Print ISBN: 9781412926942 | Online ISBN: 9781412963879| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Jennifer M. Klein
Spanish Americans are the immigrants and their descendants from Spain, a country of 42.5 million, as of 2007 estimates. According to the 2000 census, there were 82,860 people born in Spain residing in the United States, of whom 44.2% were citizens. Spanish Americans represent different regions of Spain (Castile, Cataluña, Andalucía, Extremadura, Galicia, and the Basque Country). Many Spaniards identify themselves by region. This entry will look at the background of immigration from Spain to the United States and the contemporary picture of Spanish Americans. Several Spanish populations and settlements in the New World (now Florida, New Mexico, California, Arizona, Texas, and Louisiana) had ties to Madrid. For example, St. Augustine, Florida, is the oldest ...