Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963879 | Print ISBN: 9781412926942 | Online ISBN: 9781412963879| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
United Kingdom, Immigrants and Their Descendants in the United States
Jennifer M. Klein
The United Kingdom, with an estimated 2007 population of 61 million, consists of Great Britain (England, Scotland, and Wales) and Northern Ireland. Scotland became a part of the United Kingdom in 1707, and the present boundaries between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland were defined in 1921. Hence, when discussing immigration from the United Kingdom historically, it should be noted that many families came from Scotland and parts of Ireland that at the time were independent of England. Furthermore, even today, Irish, Welsh, and Scottish immigrants often identify more with their own people than with the larger identity of the United Kingdom. According to the 2000 U.S. Census, there were a total of 677,750 people born in the United Kingdom now resident in the United States, of whom 46.6% were citizens. This entry looks at the background and contemporary picture of immigration to the United States from the United ...