Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963879 | Print ISBN: 9781412926942 | Online ISBN: 9781412963879| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Black Panther Party
Abel A. Bartley
The Black Panther Party was founded in October 1966 by Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale, two African American college students in Oakland, California. Seale, the chairman, and Newton, the minister of defense, wanted to offer an urban perspective to the race problem in America. The two men symbolized the growing frustrations of young African Americans about the progress of the Civil Rights Movement. This entry looks at the history of the organization, recording its many contributions along with the controversy and conflict it generated. Bobby Seale was born on October 22, 1936, in Dallas, Texas, the oldest of three children. His father was a master carpenter who taught him the carpentry trade. Seale was a naturally gifted individual and mastered the concert piano. He worked several jobs as a journeyman sheet metal mechanic and mechanical draftsman before joining the air force, where he was dismissed on a bad conduct ...