Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963879 | Print ISBN: 9781412926942 | Online ISBN: 9781412963879| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
June Ying Yee
The original inhabitants of Canada are the Aboriginals, or First Nations. They suffered from colonization and loss of their land due to the arrival of the French and English, known as Charter Groups because of their role as the first immigrant groups and the nation's founding communities. Other racial and ethnic groups, including Asians and Blacks, arrived in Canada well before the 19th and early 20th centuries through forced or voluntary migration, and large-scale immigration to Canada continues today. These groups have also suffered from exclusion and discrimination and for years struggled for political rights and social recognition. Today, Canada—a country with an estimated population in 2007 of 32.9 million people—is known as a bilingual and multicultural society that has demonstrated success in managing the interests of Aboriginals, French and English Charter Groups, and many other diverse racial and ethnic groups. The official languages of Canada are English and French. ...