Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: December 16, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963992 | Print ISBN: 9781412906784 | Online ISBN: 9781412963992| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Ideology and Schooling
Joäo Menelau Paraskeva
Ideology may be viewed as the influence of ideas and beliefs in people's lives, but it also can be seen as something much more complex involving politics and power. As a political concept and practice, schooling represents a set of processes that mirrors perspectives of a society's vision about the present and the future. Such visions, desires, and beliefs are deeply rooted in the ideological framework of each individual. In essence, what schooling is and what it means to be schooled depends upon particular readings and the imagination and aspiration of present and future societies, which are clearly based on particular ideological frameworks. Such ideological perceptions are totally linked by religious, cultural, political, and economic dynamics that decisively shape one's vision of social reality. Schools do not simply process people, but they process knowledge as well. In order to fully understand schools as institutions that process knowledge, one has to ...