Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: January 26, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412964517 | Print ISBN: 9781412909167 | Online ISBN: 9781412964517| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
AIDS and International Women's Health
Ruth Charmaine White
Women's health in the international context exists within a global context of significant inequities between geographic regions that leave some poor countries with a significantly disproportionate burden of disease. According to the 2007 World Health Report, from the World Health Organization (WHO), 1.1 billion people live without access to clean water, and 2.6 billion people live without access to proper sanitation. One measurable impact of these social conditions is a daily death rate of 4,500 children under 5 years old from diseases that are easily preventable. Women in particular experience the impacts of these social deficiencies more than their male counterparts because of the gender inequities that exist in most societies across the world. Nevertheless, globally on average, women's life expectancy at birth is 4.3 years more than that of men. This entry discusses the leading issues in women's health globally, including interpersonal and other violence, mental health, reproductive health, ...