Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: January 26, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412964517 | Print ISBN: 9781412909167 | Online ISBN: 9781412964517| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Vicky M. MacLean
Founded in September 1889 by Jane Addams and Ellen Gates Starr, Hull House is the best known of the early American social settlement houses. An important component of Progressive Era reform movements, settlement houses sought social justice by assisting ethnic immigrants and the urban poor in housing, health care, nutrition, employment, education, and a variety of civic engagements, including labor and social policy reform activities. Settlements typically provided housing for educated women and men who devoted a portion of their lives to living in poor urban neighborhoods with the goal of improving society through sharing their culture with inner-city populations. Addams was head resident of Hull House from 1889 to 1935. Following a trip to England, Addams and Starr established Hull House on South Halstead Street in Chicago's 19th ward, a poor neighborhood populated by tenements and sweatshops. Hull House began in a decaying mansion (originally built by Charles Hull) ...