Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: January 26, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412964517 | Print ISBN: 9781412909167 | Online ISBN: 9781412964517| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Marriage Promotion Act
Marcella C. Gemelli
The Marriage Promotion Act was implemented as part of the overall changes in welfare. The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) was signed into law on August 22, 1996. The PRWORA radically changed the requirements and stipulations for receiving income assistance. Formerly conceived as a federal income assistance program called Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC), the PRWORA created a block grant called Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), which transferred the allocation of funds to low-income families to the individual states. As the name TANF implies, the assistance low-income families receive is temporary. Thus, one of the provisions of TANF is to limit the receipt of assistance for 5 years in a recipient's lifetime. Other changes that occurred with the implementation of TANF were the ending of entitlements to federal cash assistance, requiring any type of paid labor as a condition for receiving assistance, and cutting ...