Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: January 26, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412964517 | Print ISBN: 9781412909167 | Online ISBN: 9781412964517| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Population control is the control and management of demographic processes having to do with fertility, mortality, and migration for the sake of achieving non-demographic objectives relating to culture, politics, and/or the economy. The subject requires a gender lens particularly with regard to fertility, as women are the ones who become pregnant and give birth. States seeking to control and manage fertility may focus especially on controlling and managing women's bodies. Thus, demographic processes implicate women and men in fundamentally different ways and are hence gendered. In recent decades, population control has become an important issue of concern to feminists. It has especially become a concern in the so-called third world, where questions about the limitation of fertility as an avenue to economic advancement have become particularly important since World War II. This entry gives a brief review of the emergence of population control as a goal within poor countries in ...