Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: January 26, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412964517 | Print ISBN: 9781412909167 | Online ISBN: 9781412964517| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Sexology and Sex Research
Aleksandra Djajic Horvath
Sexology is an interdisciplinary science that focuses on diverse aspects of human sexuality, studying human sexual development, relationships, and intercourse, sexual malfunctions, sexually transmitted diseases, and pathologies such as child sexual abuse or sexual addiction. It has still not been fully recognized as a separate professional field but is most often found as a subdiscipline within fields such as biology, psychology, anthropology, medicine, sociology, epidemiology, and sometimes criminology. Sexology as it exists today emerged as one of the fields of inquiry of Western science during the second half of the 19th century. However, interest for the management of human sexuality has been present for centuries in various cultural traditions that greatly differ in levels of sexual tolerance and ways of defining socially acceptable modes of sexual behavior. This entry describes the history of sex research. Human sexual behavior, reproduction, education, ethics, and treatment of sexual malfunctions were studied by Greek ...