Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: January 26, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412964517 | Print ISBN: 9781412909167 | Online ISBN: 9781412964517| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
The organized women's suffrage movement, originating in the middle of the 19th century and culminating in successes during and immediately after World War I, struggled for the right of women to vote. The suffrage movement's origins, as well as its various ideologies and practical strategies to gain the franchise, took different shapes according to the specific pressures and historical forces of its various local and national contexts. A social movement of primarily middle-class and professional women took place in Britain, the United States, and Canada, among others. The Enlightenment vision of the expansion of democracy and deliberative parliamentary reforms, the publication of early notable tracts such as Mary Wollstonecraft's A Vindication of the Rights of Woman (1792), numerous local struggles of women in various sectors of social and working life, and important political interventions by male parliamentarians were important catalysts for the movement. Using Britain as the primary historical Before ...