Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: January 26, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412964517 | Print ISBN: 9781412909167 | Online ISBN: 9781412964517| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Transnational Development, Women and
Although gender is usually considered to be an aspect of individual behavior and attributes, scholars of society note that all social processes are gendered. All the major social institutions of society manifest gender divisions and their attendant norms and expectations of behavior. This is especially the case with respect to the development underdevelopment continuum around the world. The “development regime” is an amalgam of political-economic institutions. Studying women and transnational development helps explain how access to material and political resources within this regime ultimately affects the gendered division of labor and thus cultural norms with respect to behavior deemed appropriate by virtue of one's sex. This entry provides a historical, conceptual, and theoretical context from which to understand gender and transnational development. It begins with a discussion of the different ways scholars define Third World and development. Then, it discusses how development and thus underdevelopment are gendered, looking specifically Third ...