Pub. date: 2009 | Online Pub. Date: January 26, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412964517 | Print ISBN: 9781412909167 | Online ISBN: 9781412964517| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Addams, Jane (1860-1935)
Mary Jo Deegan
Feminist pragmatist, social settlement leader, and Nobel laureate, Jane Addams was a charismatic world leader with an innovative intellectual and political legacy. She is one of the most important women in American history. From 1890 to 1935, she led dozens of women in sociology, although after 1920, most of these women were forced out of sociology and into other fields, especially social work. Addams was born on September 6, 1860, in Cedarville, Illinois. She was profoundly influenced by her father, John Addams, a Hicksite Quaker and state senator, but her mother, Sarah Weber, died when Addams was 2 years old. In 1877, Addams entered Rockford Female Seminary, in Rockford, Illinois. Graduating in 1881, she entered the Women's Medical College in Philadelphia, but she fell ill and returned home. In 1883, she traveled to Europe ...