Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 21, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963855 | Print ISBN: 9781412941860 | Online ISBN: 9781412963855 | Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Salmonella infection or salmonellosis is one of the most common bacterial infections worldwide. The salmonella germ is actually a group of bacteria that can cause diarrheal illness in humans, with more than 95 percent of cases of salmonella infection being foodborne. It is responsible for a variety of clinical syndromes, including enterocolitis, bacteremia, enteric fever (usually caused by typhoid or paratyphoid species), and severe local infections. Animal feces are usually the source of contamination, and humans consuming contaminated foods are the targets of the disease. Contaminated foods are often animal in origin, such as beef, poultry, milk, or eggs. However, all foods, including vegetables, can become contaminated. Most persons infected with salmonella develop diarrhea, fever, and abdominal cramps 12 to 72 hours ...