Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 21, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963855 | Print ISBN: 9781412941860 | Online ISBN: 9781412963855| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Shoulder Injuries and Disorders
Donald Hohman Jr.
The shoulder is a complex joint formed by the articulation of several bones surrounded by muscular attachments and ligaments to form what is the most versatile joint in the human skeleton. The complexity provides for outstanding range of motion but predisposes to injury. Mechanical stresses pose a risk for dislocation or fracture that may result in debilitating injury. Given the musculoskeletal and supporting structural relations a broad range of disorders are possible. In general, the most common disorders plaguing the shoulder joint can be classified and further differentiated based on the rotator cuff origin of the disorder, bony fracture involvement, and/or the arthritic components of the ailment. The shoulder joint is frequently injured in a wide variety of activities ranging from sport related to repetitive overuse in the work environment. The shoulder offers tremendous range of motion and functions as the most mobile joint in the human body partly as ...