Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 21, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963855 | Print ISBN: 9781412941860 | Online ISBN: 9781412963855| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Heather K. Michon
Yemen is located on the southern tip of the Arabian Peninsula, bordered to the south and west by the Arabian Sea and the Red Sea and to the north by Saudi Arabia and Oman. The region was part of the Ottoman Empire for generations, but at the end of World War I, the Western powers redrew the maps of the Middle East to create a variety of new countries, including North and South Yemen. These two countries did not formally unite until 1990. With little oil and a harsh desert climate, Yemen is today the poorest country in the Middle East. Yemen's population is 22.2 million, growing at almost 3.5 percent annually. This is largely driven by a high birth rate; there are 42.67 births per 1,000 population and the fertility rate is 6.49 ...