Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 21, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963855 | Print ISBN: 9781412941860 | Online ISBN: 9781412963855| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Heather K. Michon
Zimbabwe is located in southern Africa between the Zambizi and Limpopo Rivers, bordered to the north by Zambia and to the south by South Africa. For most of the 20th century, the area was known as Southern Rhodesia, named in honor of British colonialist Cecil Rhodes, who took control of the area in 1888. The country followed a chaotic path to independence, and took the name of Zimbabwe in 1980. Under the control of a single president, the controversial Robert Mugabe, the government has pursued various schemes of land reform and redistribution of power from wealthy white landowners to common Zimbabweans. However, most of the citizens remain desperately poor. The population of Zimbabwe is 12.3 million, growing at 0.6 percent annually. The AIDS epidemic and high child mortality have stalled population growth ...