Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 21, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963855 | Print ISBN: 9781412941860 | Online ISBN: 9781412963855| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Heather K. Michon
Bangladesh is a small country lying along the Ganges Delta, where the river meets the Bay of Bengal. Originally part of India, which surrounds it on three sides, Bangladesh became East Pakistan when the British ended their colonial control of the subcontinent in 1947. From the beginning, East Pakistan had little in common with West Pakistan, which was 1,000 miles away. A 1971 bid for independence resulted in the bloody Bangladesh Liberation War. Today, Bangladesh is one of the most densely populated countries in the world and is plagued by natural disasters, economic despair, and political instability. The total population is estimated at about 150 million and is crowded into a country slightly smaller than the State of Iowa. There are 985 Bangladeshis for every square kilometer, or 2,639 ...