Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 21, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963855 | Print ISBN: 9781412941860 | Online ISBN: 9781412963855 | Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Located in southeast Asia, East Timor was a Portuguese colony from 1702, and in 1951 became an overseas province of Portugal. In August 1975, there was a civil war, and soon afterward, Indonesia invaded East Timor, occupying it until 1999 when it was controlled by the United Nations. In May 2002, it finally gained independence. During most of the period of Portuguese rule, the healthcare services were underdeveloped. Many of the health problems in East Timor were because of malaria and other insect-borne diseases, as well as poor hygiene. To improve these, J. Gomes da Silva was appointed to take over the running of medical services in East Timor, and found that the hospital was badly ...