Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 21, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963855 | Print ISBN: 9781412941860 | Online ISBN: 9781412963855| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Galton, Sir Francis (1822–1911)
Christine L. Manganaro
Francis Galton was born in Birmingham, England, in 1822. He is best known for coining the term eugenics , from the Greek for “well born,” in 1883. Galton was heavily influenced by his cousin Charles Darwin's book On the Origin of Species (1859) and his position as a member of the British elite. He began doing quantitative research on heredity in the 1860s to demonstrate how it worked and how it might be used to manipulate the germ plasm , or ...