Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 21, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963855 | Print ISBN: 9781412941860 | Online ISBN: 9781412963855| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
This Republic in the Caucasus was a part of the Russian Empire until 1922 when it became a constituent part of the Soviet Union. It became an independent nation in 1991. It has a population of 4,694,000 (2004) and has 436 doctors and 474 nurses per 100,000 people. While Georgia was a part of the Soviet Union, healthcare was extensive and coordinated from Moscow, the capital, which established the basic policies for the whole country, although these were implemented by the health ministries of the constituent republics. There were also regional and local health authorities which provided healthcare. The main problem faced by Georgia was that the Soviet Union wanted to set national standards of health care, along with quotas for patient visits, and the provision of treatment and hospital beds with not much consideration for the regional differences in the need for healthcare. Georgia also became a place to ...