Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 21, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963855 | Print ISBN: 9781412941860 | Online ISBN: 9781412963855| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Heather K. Michon
Haiti is located on the western third of the island of Hispaniola, with the Dominican Republic next door. Plagued by violence and political upheaval throughout its long history, Haiti today has no end to its problems, and it is easily the poorest nation in the western hemisphere. Assaults on the health and welfare for Haitians come from all directions. The population is 8.3 million (2006 estimate), with a growth rate of 2.3 percent annually. The birth rate is 36.44 per 1,000 people and the death rate at 12.17 per 1,000 people. The migration rate is negative, with minus 1.31 migrants per 1,000. Haiti has virtually no economy and few exports other than people heading for a better life elsewhere. An estimated 70 ...