Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 21, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963855 | Print ISBN: 9781412941860 | Online ISBN: 9781412963855| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Justin M. List M.A.R.
Immunologists are people working in the biomedical field of immunology studying the immune systems of biological organisms from a variety of perspectives including the investigation of molecular structure and function, and evolutionary, clinical, diagnostic, and therapeutic angles. They examine the relationships between pathogens, immune responses, and the environment in the field of host defense. Immunologists may be medical specialists trained in the field of immunology, physician-scientists, or research scientists. The work of immunologists intersects with professionals in many other fields such as rheumatology, infectious disease, hematology, and organ transplantation. At the nexus of the study and practice of immunology lies the study of epidemiology, which informs the transmission course of and adaptation to disease. The historical origins of immunology can be traced back to ...