Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 21, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963855 | Print ISBN: 9781412941860 | Online ISBN: 9781412963855| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Mental health is a state of being with cognition, emotion or mood and behavior providing a sense of well-being. Illness and disorders are characterized by alternations in cognition, emotion, or mood and behavior (alone or in combination) causing distress or impaired function. The difference between mental health and mental illness is a fine line and must be understood in the context of each individual's internal thoughts and external actions and appearance with performance of daily activities like work, school, sleep, self-care, care giving, and social relationships. Types of mental illness include anxiety disorders, mood disorders, psychotic disorders, personality disorders, cognitive disorders, dissociative disorders, somatoform disorders, factitious disorders, substance related disorders, impulse-control disorders, and eating disorders. According to a study by the World Health Organization mental illness accounts for over 15 percent of the burden of disease in market economies like the United States. Mental health complaint statistics provided by the ...