Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 21, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963855 | Print ISBN: 9781412941860 | Online ISBN: 9781412963855| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Heather K. Michon
Namibia is located on the Atlantic coast of southern Africa, surrounded by Angola, Zambia, Botswana, and South Africa. It won independence from South Africa in 1990 and has been struggling to find its economic footing as a nation. Despite the fact that it is one of Africa's biggest environmental polluters, it has also become a prime destination for ecotourism. The population is 2,044,174 and growing at 0.59 percent annually. The birth rate is 24.32 per 1,000 people and the death rate is 18.86 per 1,000 people. A third of Namibians live in urban areas. Population density is 1.5 people per square kilometers, making it the second least densely populated country in the world, ...