Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 21, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963855 | Print ISBN: 9781412941860 | Online ISBN: 9781412963855| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
Pauling, Linus (1901–94)
Kelly Boyer Sagert
Born on February 28, 1901, in Portland, Oregon, to Herman Henry William Pauling and Lucy Isabelle Darling, Linus Carl Pauling is the only person to ever win two unshared Nobel Prizes (Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1954 and the Nobel Peace Prize in 1962). He was also the youngest member elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1933. Rather than simply making discoveries in a particular field of science, Pauling is credited for revolutionizing chemistry and providing impetus for the formation of molecular biology. After his father died when Pauling was 9, Pauling found solace in books and his homemade laboratory. ...