Pub. date: 2008 | Online Pub. Date: April 25, 2008 | DOI: 10.4135/9781412963893 | Print ISBN: 9781412958783 | Online ISBN: 9781412963893| Publisher:SAGE Publications, Inc.About this encyclopedia
WILLIAM JEFFERSON CLINTON (b. August 19, 1946) was the 42nd president of the United States, serving from January 20, 1993 until January 20, 2001. In the first year of his term, President Bill Clinton promised to bring justice to the practice of environmental racism as well as to work to resolve the tension regarding management of the Pacific Northwest federal forests, and yet throughout his term he would be known as the president who gave tax breaks to oil companies in the Gulf of Mexico, who no longer banned tuna that was not dolphin-safe, and who increased logging in the Tongass National Forest of Alaska. Environmental racism refers to the fact that lower-income communities, which tend to house peoples of ethnic minorities, as well as communities of non-whites, are at a higher risk of being located near environmentally-toxic sites, such as landfills or hazardous waste dumping grounds. Consequently, people living ...